Blood clots are gel-like masses of blood that are naturally formed in the body after an injury as a way for the body to prevent excessive bleeding. The plasma protein and platelets work together to create a blood clot, and it dissolves after the injury is healed.
Yet, at times, clots form inside veins and arteries without injuries and they cannot dissolve on their own, leading to stroke or pulmonary embolism. This is a serious issue and requires an appropriate treatment.
Stroke kills more than 130,000 Americans annually, and about 87% of all strokes are ischemic when the blood flow to the brain is blocked. It is the main cause of serious long-term disability.
Blood clots can be of two types, arterial and venous.
Arterial Blood Clots
Arterial clots form in the arteries and restrict the flow of oxygen and blood and thus prevent them to reach the vital organs. They usually form in the feet and legs, as well as in the brain, leading to stroke or a heart attack. These are the symptoms of arterial clots:
Cold arms or legs
Weakness in the affected area
Color loss in the area
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